Csa ethiopia 2019 crop production pdf
Specific objectives were to identify existing adaptation strategies to improve crop production; and identify factors that affect the choice of crop production Crop Production ISSN: 1936-3737 Released July 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This crop occupies the largest area (about 1. 2ha) and large commercial farms (>25. Table 2. Objectives Recently, the Government of Ethiopia (GOE) has embarked on a ten-year economic development plan (2021-2030) where agriculture is on the top of priority sectors. 2020 Abstract Legumes are a critical component of many agricultural systems and a major contributor to global food systems. ) is the most widely grown legume crop in Ethiopia. 22. The zonal level panel data sets of under nutrition, crop, livestock and other data were matched by year. et For further information on this report please contact: CFSAM: Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission Ethiopia 2019 Central Statistical Agency Comprehensive Food Security 8 Crop Production (February 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2018 and 2019 [Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous reports. Agricultural Sample Survey, 2018/19 Volume I: Report On Area and Production of Major Crops (Private peasant holdings, Meher season). A crop simulation model approach using AquaCrop and DSSAT was used to estimate potential yield and analyse the yield gaps. Boansi, J. An FAO evaluation of the Agency’s impact on agricultural growth and poverty reduction. 2017. CSA (Central Statistical Agency). 2019. The specific objectives of Meher Season Post Harvest Survey are to estimate the total crop area, volume of crop production and yield of crops for Meher Season agriculture in Ethiopia. Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Report on Area and Production of Major Crops 584, The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Statistical Bulletin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016. Box: 27173, 1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia First edition: 2020 DISCLAIMER The content of this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO), the World Bank, or Eastern Nile member countries. 4%) of total cultivated major grain crops in Ethiopia (Based on CSA, 2019/2020 ) Table 2: Land Use Area (in hectare), Number of Households and Holders by Size of Holding, (after CSA (2015/16 ) www. , 2011). 45– December 2019 Crop Monitor for Early Warning The Crop Monitor for Early Warning is a part of GEOGLAM, a GEO global initiative. Maize (Zea mays) is one of the most important food crops produced by smallholder farmers in Ethiopia and accounted for 28% of total grain production during the 2011/12 Meher season. In Ethiopia, floods and landslides displaced 140,000 people, caused more than 40 deaths, and led to localized crop losses and an estimated loss of 10,000 livestock. al. 4 agrarian policies and agricultural production during the ethiopian people’s revolutionary and democratic Central Statistics Agency (CSA) that cover all Ethiopian administrative zones from 1996 to 2004. Trends of irrigated wheat improved technology promotion in Ethiopia (2012-2019) Year of demonstration Received: 25 July 2019/Accepted: 24 December 2019 Springer Nature B. The agriculture sector is projected to grow at 6. O. Photo: Petterik Wiggers/Panos. 60 % in the same year. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE), National Planning Commission, Ethiopia’s Progress Towards Eradicating Agriculture is the foundation of Ethiopia’s economy where crop production contributes more than 65% of the agricultural GDP of the country. The current study Heifer International 2019 Annual Report Farmers in Central America’s dry corridor are very vulnerable to climate change. Required citation: FAO. Hence, this paper provides an overview of cashew uses, available opportunities for its production in Ethiopia and the way forward. 7 million mt in 2019 to zero by 2023. Ethiopia plans huge wheat imports as drought bites. Tambo, and M. 16 mil. 24-31 RAAE REGULAR ARTICLE FARMERS’ DECISIONS AND DETERMINANTS OF CROP ROTATIONS WITH LUPIN: THE CASE OF WEST AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA Beneberu TEFERRA *1, Likawent YEHEYIS 2, Matthew NELSON 3, Jemma TAYLOR 3, David MCNAUGHTON 4, Andrew SERGEANT 5, Heather SANDERS 6 Forecast Survey, Meher Season Post Harvest Survey (Area and production, land use, farm management and crop utilization), Livestock Survey and Belg Season Survey. 6% of the total area under the crop and more than 69. Agricultural sample survey 2018/2019: volume i report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, meher season). Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum and barley) are the core of Ethiopia’s agriculture and food economy, accounting for about three-quarters of total area cultivated, 29 percent of agricultural GDP in 2005/06 (14 percent of total GDP farm, crop production shows a decreasing trend. Journal of Economics and International Business Management 3), pp. 19 Gender and rural infrastructure 41 4. Current efforts need to be expanded to incorporate CSA practices in crops, livestock and fisheries. c. FAO estimated 8% annual growth in crop production per hectare over 2006 to 2011, on top of 7% annual increase over the preceding five year period 4. ii | P a g e DECLARATION I, Bihon Kassa Abrha, declare that this PhD Thesis entitled “Factors affecting agricultural production in Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia” is my own work and that all the sources This paper presents an overview of crop agriculture in Ethiopia, focusing mainly on cereal production. Regional Market Opportunity Study (RMOS) for Irrigated High Value Crops (iHVC) in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia Mekele, Ethiopia July, 2019 ii | P a g e DECLARATION I, Bihon Kassa Abrha, declare that this PhD Thesis entitled “Factors affecting agricultural production in Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia” is my own work and that all the sources production, promotes change across the entire agricultural system, and puts fairness and the environment at its heart” Kofi A. Mixed—Crop Livestock The mixed crop-livestock farming system is the dominant livestock production system in the Ethiopian highlands. Crop condition map synthesizing conditions as of November 28. ere are several challenges that the than 60,000 in 2019 . 9 percent of the livestock in Ethiopia, 30. It is an indigenous to Ethiopia, forms The effects on production, prices, soil, and land use suggest that CSA practices are a form of adaptation to new climate conditions and make crop-production more resilient. Prolonged drought followed by heavy rains create difficult conditions for the production of corn and beans – two important crops for nutrition and culture in the region. , western and eastern highlands, flanking the Ethiopian Rift Valley, constitutes about 60% of the African highlands and 46% of the country’s land mass. MY 2019/20 Crop Area (1000 hectares) Production (1000MT) Teff 3200 5800 Corn 2320 8500 Sorghum 1850 5200 Wheat 1800 4925 Barley 1205 2300 Millet 415 1080 Total 10790 27805 Commodities: Wheat Production: Ethiopia wheat production for 2020/21 is projected to come in at a record five million tons, up by two percent over the 2019/20 production Ethiopia Interim Demographic and Health Survey 2019 Ethiopia Mini DHS (EMDHS) 2019 Survey : Cross-sectional - GPS coordinates (GIS) - Household - Individual - Nationally representative - Subnationally representative Grain legumes are the third-largest export crop of Ethiopia after coffee and sesame, contributing around USD 251 million to export earnings in 2013/14 (Meselu, 2019). Report on Area and Production of Crops (Private Production and its status As CSA (2009) estimated, about 6 million farmers are engaged in horticultural crop production in Ethiopia. FAOSTAT (2016) 3. The most important export To this end, the Central Statistical Authority (CSA) has been generating statistical information on the country’s agriculture for the past twenty-four years. ) Annual Agricultural Sample Survey (Meher Between 2009-2010 E. During 2019/20 crop-ping season, land area cov-ered by irrigated wheat in different regions surpassed 15, 100 ha, and the Afar Re-gion takes the lion’s share fol - lowed by Oromia and SNNP. This figure is only 0. 2%) of total production. process and methodology 9 3. 18 Gender and disaster risk reduction and management 40 3. 4%) of total cultivated land. Müller, “Analysis of farmers’ adaptation to weather extremes in West African Sudan Savanna,” Weather and Climate Extremes , vol "Cereals account for more that 80% of cultivated land and 85% of total crop production. Context Network. However, despite the huge potential to produce Cashew in Ethiopia, only little is known about its current production, potential benefits, and opportunities in Ethiopia, mainly due to lack of knowledge and awareness. 81 t/ha for corn. Central Statistical agency, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa. contributed to a rise in production value per acre. Conservation agriculture, integrated soil fertility management, agroforestry, crop (1) Background: Even though agriculture is the backbone of the Ethiopian economy, the improvements made regarding crop productivity appeared insufficient and had slow progress. Nevertheless, there are gaps in the empirical literature in both knowledge and methods. , 2018). 46 100 251,536,623,90 100 Source www. 60 × 106 ha, maize accounts for 16% (~2. 2019. In Ethiopia, pulse crops are the second most cultivated crop next to cereals both in terms of area cultivated and volume of production. World Bank, Ethiopia - Poverty Assessment 2014, 2015. 31 6. CSA estimates of 2008/09 about ~ 6 million farmers engaged Production estimates of fruit, vegetable & roots : - 2. Yet, the seed sector in Ethiopia is constrained by institutional, organisational, technical and infrastructural factors. cropmonitor. 6 million metric tons. 2019 projection based on the 2007 Census; CSA. Statistical Bulletin 589, Addis Ababa, 54 p. 4% (CSA Annual Report, 2001-2010). alone, grain crop production increased by 5. At household level, the key sorghum production in Southwest Ethiopia. 8 tons per hectares in the main cropping season (CSA, 2014). C). The third visit took place between June and August 2019 to administer the household and community questionnaires. With this, the growth impact is lower than originally envisaged; according to Government crop data released by the CSA in July 2016 there was a less than expected agriculture production impact; this is due to good crop production during the second season harvest of 2015/16. UNICEF ECO, Strategy Note Oromia 2018-2020, Dec. Major opportunities and potentials existing in the country for production of Report on area and production of major crops, private peasant holdings, meher season, statistical bulletin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia [Google Scholar] CSA (Central Statistical Agency). 104 ISSN: 2384-7328 Regional Market Opportunity Study (RMOS) for Irrigated High Value Crops (iHVC) in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia Mekele, Ethiopia July, 2019 crop production in which major agricultural technologies System in Ethiopia. Food Business Africa (2017, October 12). Worst-affected regions Hiiraan, include Gedo, Middle Shabelle, and Middle Juba in the south. . Sorghum is the major crop grown in dry lowland environment which accounts for more than 60% of the cultivated land. Targeted extension for heterogeneous farming systems is a challenge in developing countries. Area of production 356 thousand hectare (2. The impacts of climate change have been observed in Ethiopia over a long period of time which changes the environmental conditions that influence the livelihoods of the farmers and thus the national economy. 38 2. 13 Gender and crop production 32 3. Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Self Help Africa (SHA) has taken a lead role in promoting FAOSTAT (2016) 3. January 2019 Addis Ababa . 55 percent of Ethiopia’s total crop land (12. 27 % of the total acreage of all grain crops (cereals, oilseeds, and pulses) (CSA, 2017) (Table 1). Multi Crop Value Chain Phase II-Wheat Ethiopia. Main findings and recommendations 49 Cereals are the principal crops in Ethiopia in terms of both the area coverage and volume of production. This field experiment was conducted to . 17 Gender and climate change 40 3. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR )2019. Crop production is a complex combination of inputs which influenced by environmental, economical, institutional, political and social factors. Ethiopia (Tegegne et al. 39 t/ha for teff, - from 1. Dekoko is con-sumed as a protein supplement in the cereal-based di-ets of Ethiopia. issdethiopia. Various estimates from different sources show that the livestock sub-sector contributes a lot to the most widely promoted CSA practices in Zambia, with various impacts on livelihoods and the environment. Several studies suggest possible ways to identify the challenges in the productivity of the crop sub-sector. Ethiopia’s development plan has laid out enhancing agricultural production and 8 Crop Production (February 2019) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2018 and 2019 [Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous reports. 1 million tons and an average yield of 2. Ten years of the Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency. 9. 56 million prevent smallholder farmers of Ethiopia to adopt CSA crop production so far, existing policies and actions to alleviate these obstacles remain inadequate. • Ethiopia had achieved a successive agricultural growth which had increased production and productivity of major grain crops, • The production increase had stimulated the emerging agro - industries and export market, • It had also created jobs for millions of citizens who live in rural and urban areas Debra Libanos District, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia J Agri Res Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Farmers Wheat Production: The Case of Debra Libanos District, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia Hunde K1* and Abera N2 1Department of Agricultural Economics, Ambo University, Ethiopia survey indicated that about 71. Agricultural sample survey 2017/18 (2010 E. 11. Teff, wheat and barley are the main staple crops in the north affected 570,000 people and crop delayed production activities. 61% of the total cultivated requirements to boost crop productivity and production. Meanwhile, Ethiopia’s population is estimated at 113. Goal 2: Increased crop production, avails essential nutrients to households and reduces malnutrition from 1. Total Area and production of grain crop for private holdings, 2013/2014(2006 E. C. Agricultural sample survey 2014/2015 (2008 E. 06 28,588,805. Grain legumes are the third-largest export crop of Ethiopia after coffee and sesame, contributing around USD 251 million to export earnings in 2013/14 (Meselu, 2019). Between 2015 and 2050, productivity per head: - increases from 9. 32 million smallholder farmers cultivated 1. 53 3. CSA, Ethiopia, 2019. Year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year Challeges of potato in! These crops were chosen for a couple of reasons. Wheat production ranks 4th in area coverage surpassed only by Teff, Maize, and Sorghum and it is the 3 rd largest crop in total production (CSA, 2014). D. 90 11. To meet the objective of the study larger number of literatures has been reviewed. Pulses and oil crops are the other major categories of field crops. Specific objectives were to identify existing adaptation strategies to improve crop production; and identify factors that affect the choice of crop production 2013). ) in Coffee and Spice Production Belt in Yeki District, Southwest of Ethiopia ABSTRACT Maize (Zea mays L) is an important smallholder crop in Ethiopia. Pulses are the second food crop after cereals in terms of area coverage and production in which they account for about 11. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. 15 Gender and fisheries 37 3. V. Productivity of banana at Sille farm was decreasing despite its increasing in land area. About 27. In Eritrea Ethiopia Feasibility study on sustainable investment plan for capacity development in ARM arrative report and action plan September 2019 11 Platform for Agricultural Risk Management Managing risks to improve farmers’ livelihoods According to CSA (2016), 95 percent of the country’s production comes from about 15 crops (Yu et. 14 Gender and livestock 35 3. The main cultivated crops are cereals, grains, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables, perennial crops (chat, coffee, hops, and all fruit trees), enset, and root crops (CSA, 2015). Currently, fruit and vegetable production covered about 0. gov. 7 million hectares). 7mt/ha in 2019 to 4 mt/ha by 2023 and reduce wheat import from 1. Ethiopia’s crop agriculture continues to be dominated by the country’s numerous small farms that cultivate mainly cereals for both own-consumption and sales. 2% of the overall area under the crop and 7. Agricultural sample survey 2014/2015 (2009 E. Winter Wheat Production Up 1 Percent from June Durum Wheat Production Down 25 Percent from 2018 Other Spring Wheat Production Down 8 Percent from 2018 production can be classified into land, labor and management in agricultural crop production and challenge studies for solution (Crawford et al. C) Meher season in Ethiopia Crop Area ( ha) % Total production % (Qts) Cereals 9,848,745. The most important export of cereal production (CSA, 2018; EIAR, 2020). Out of these suc-cessive data sets, we created a pseudo panel data set of under nutrition, crop, livestock and other variables at zonal level. 5% of total production (CSA, 2019). Annan, Chair of the Board of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA, 2010) Left: A girl stands among the sorghum crops protected by trees in Niger. Ethiopia has a large livestock resource with about 60 million heads of cattle and about 61 million sheep and goats . Ethiopia’s crop diversity is present throughout the country. most commonly grown vegetables, root crops and permanent (perennial) crops. Even if all the crops The production increment both in area coverage and crop called Dekoko (Pisum abyssinicum) which is re-stricted to south Tigray areas. This review paper was aimed to recognize opportunities, constraints and potentials in Ethiopia for production of vegetable seed production. Due to the underdevelopment of credit and insurance schemes in many developing countries including Ethiopia, farmers usually protect themselves against shocks by adjusting their production and consumption deci-sions accordingly. Cattle and equine play a vital role in smallholder farms for crop cultivation and transportation (Stroebel predominantly using traditional farming system for local markets as cash crops. Agricultural innovations related to crop production and marketing in Ethiopia are also characterized and analyzed. Source: Taffesse et al. 83 Grain crops 12,407,473. Until 2016, 74 varieties of bread wheat, 34 varieties of durum wheat, and 31 varieties of faba bean have been released for production Ethiopia. Model calibration and evaluation was performed using data from field experiments conducted in 2018 and 2019. According to the Central Statistical Agency [CSA] (2013b) reports of the year 2013 main cropping season, out of the total grain crop areas of 9. 2%) of total crop production - Area of production 356 thousand ha (2. csa. , CSA, Marloes et al. 2. A comparison with a scenario in which the effects of climate change on future crop production are removed (a No Climate Change scenario. More than 90% of rural households in Ethiopia rely on livestock, crop production or a combination of the two as the main occupation of the family farm (Ethiopia & Headquarters World Food Program, 2014). (1) Background: Even though agriculture is the backbone of the Ethiopian economy, the improvements made regarding crop productivity appeared insufficient and had slow progress. As a result, the area of land covered with CSA mays L. The suitability of soil and climate Ethiopia PRODUCTIVITY Crop productivity Livestock productivity Pasture stocking rate Scenario definition Between 2015 and 2050, crop productivity increases: - from 1. ), volume I, report on area and production of major crops. 24 t ha −1which is far below the global average yield CSA estimates of 2008/09 about ~ 6 million farmers engaged Production estimates of fruit, vegetable & roots : - 2. Second, these crops are among a few cereal crops for which high yielding varieties have been developed. The main function of food system is food production (FAO, 2017). According to CSA (2018) agricultural sample survey report in the main cropping season (Meher) of 2017/2018 about 8. tons (9. Therefore, it is found necessary to prepare the CSA field manual that will guide the planning and Received 1 April 2019; Revised 22 June 2019; Accepted 8 July 2019; Published 25 August 2019 million Ethiopians are aﬀected by crop production (PDF) Analysis 2019 projection based on the 2007 Census; CSA. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE), National Planning Commission, Ethiopia’s Progress Towards Eradicating predominantly using traditional farming system for local markets as cash crops. , 2010). The production estimates of fruit, vegetable and roots was 2. 2 percent per annum over the next ten years. 61 85. Keywords: Crop production, food energy, grains, Ethiopia, households JEL: R52, R58, H41 INTRODUCTION 2012; Belay Food system is a wide range of activities that makes certain food production reaches consumers (Burrows and Kuyper, 2018). oxen provided draft power in crop production. (Kebebew et al. However, production of food crops has been less of domestic requirement for several years. 3 crop production or well after Ethiopia’s harvest season. 81 % of the grain production, wheat accounts 16. CSA. The actual oxen provided draft power in crop production. 58 7,112,592. First, production of wheat and barley account for 28 percent of total cereal crop output covering 26 percent of the area cultivated using these crops. et For further information on this report please contact: CFSAM: Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission Ethiopia 2019 Central Statistical Agency Comprehensive Food Security Goal 1: Due to the potential of CSA for crop yield enhancement, the approach boosts crop production hence household income for the agriculture-dependent communities, especially in developing countries. As part of this undertaking the 2004/05 (1997 E. Müller, “Analysis of farmers’ adaptation to weather extremes in West African Sudan Savanna,” Weather and Climate Extremes , vol In Ethiopia, potato is produced on 66,746 hectares with an average national yield of 118 quintals or 11. [27–29]. 4%) of total cultivated Forecast Survey, Meher Season Post Harvest Survey (Area and production, land use, farm management and crop utilization), Livestock Survey and Belg Season Survey. Improved seeds yield crops that are high-yielding and may be drought-tolerant or resistant to pests and disease, thereby increasing crop production. Crop conditions over the main growing areas are based on a combination of inputs Ethiopian economy by providing food, input for crop production and improve soil fertility, raw material for industry, cash and promoting saving for the family, source of fuel, provision ofother social functions, and employment. Teff is a cool weather crop grown predominantly in the Ethiopian highlands at optimum altitude range of 1800 to 2200 meters. Therefore, it is found necessary to prepare the CSA field manual that will guide the planning and Ethiopia “Meher” crops in Ethiopia, are generally favourable except for in the East Oromia and North Somali regions bordering South Sudan, due to continuing below-average rainfall, however these areas produce only a small percentage of the country’s crop production. In addition, recent 3. Manure management, integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), pasture and forage management, fodder production, strategies such as enterprise diversification, crop insurance, contract production, and evaluating new technolo-gies. ©2019 Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office P. Moreover, estimates of locust-infested areas by the Ministry of Agriculture are that a total of 70,000 hectares have been affected across different parts of the country. Introduction Crop production is a function of water, nutrient, climate and soil environment. increase crop production under the changing climatic conditions at Gozamin District, East Gojam Zone, Ethiopia. 3 No. the federal democratic republic of ethiopia central statistical agency agricultural sample survey 2019/20 (2012 e. 2 pastures and forage crop production already been identified for the development of CSA in the context of Ethiopia’s SLMP. The analysis shows that the major stakeholders promoting climate -resilient agriculture and food systems in Ethiopia include FAO, UNEP, World Bank, DFID, USAID, CGIAR and EU through sponsoring various projects. This paper aimed to assess climate smart agricultural practices in Ethiopia, discuss the contribution of climate smart agricultural practices for mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, and examine determinant factors of climate smart agricultural practices in mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. –Aberash Tomuko is from South Ethiopia and is a cereal crop, which appears in everyone ’ dishes. Teff is only produced once in a year because of rain-fed agriculture and crop need very moist soil. acknowledgements 9 3. This increase is in part due to a new governmental initiative to make the country wheat self-sufficient through supplying required inputs, development of irrigation schemes, promoting mechanization and extension support in semi-arid areas of the country. 5% of crop output is generated from cereals. Positive growth moment will still remain. The principal cereal crops in the Amhara Region are teff, barley, wheat, maize, sorghum and finger millet. A. 81 Pulses 1,742,602. In the highlands of Ethiopia, smallholders rear cattle, primarily for the supply of oxen power for crop production. Total 3. opportunities for untapped tested CSA technologies for upscaling to enhance climate resilience and food production in Ethiopia. Milk production, cash source, manure and fuel are considered as secondary. For instance, less than 20% of the seed used by farmers is supplied by the formal seed system, and of the 1,198 released crop varieties, only 10% are commercially Abstract: Seed is among the most key input for improving crop production and productivity. It is an important source of food, income, and soil fertility variability on agricultural production requirespromoting CSA actions in an integrated approach to improve agricultural productivity, adaptation and ensure mitigation in sustainable manner. Ethiopian wheat production for 2019/20 will reach a projected 4. 01 × 106 ha) area coverage with annual production of 6. Central Statistical Agency(CSA), (2012) 4.  CSA, Ethiopia, 2020. 9-21, March 2019. lamb in the developing world and account almost 50% of global cereals production (Herrero et al. 2ha). Teff accounts more than 3 million hectare of grain crop area and as to production it accounts more than Ethiopia’s crop agriculture is complex, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country’s different regions and ecologies. Forecast Survey, Meher Season Post Harvest Survey (Area and production, land use, farm management and crop utilization), Livestock Survey and Belg Season Survey. In Statistical Bulletin. 7 percent of the poultry 3. However Yields are low because of low soil fertility and little fertilizer use. 96 79. (2018). The availability of quality seed in sufficient amounts, however, is currently a challenge for smallholder farmers throughout Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s food crop supply quantity and consumption of products per year has been shown constant trend for the last one and a half decades (Figure 1). Holders growing at least one or more of these and / or other crops are enumerated and data on crop area and yield condition recorded, hence data on production of these crops acquired. , 2015). ethiopia cfsva 2 table of contents foreword 1 table of contents 2 list of tables and figures 3 1. farms. org. 39 215,835,225. th.  CSA, Ethiopia, 2019. tons (9. ) volume i report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, meher season) addis ababa april, 2020 587 statistical bulletin 587 Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends (CSA) classifies Ethiopian farms into two major groups: smallholder farms (<25. 15414/raae. Total MY 2019/20 Crop Area (1000 hectares) Production (1000MT) Teff 3200 5800 Corn 2320 8500 Sorghum 1850 5200 Wheat 1800 4925 Barley 1205 2300 Millet 415 1080 Total 10790 27805 Commodities: Wheat Production: Ethiopia wheat production for 2020/21 is projected to come in at a record five million tons, up by two percent over the 2019/20 production Cereals are the principal crops in Ethiopia in terms of both the area coverage and volume of production. 91 t/ha to 6. Main findings and recommendations 49 Average of crop yields (t/ha) (1995–2018) compared to the yields from research stations and on-farm experiments in Ethiopia. 84, 2019 19 Review on Technical Efficiency of maize Production in Ethiopia Tolesa Tesema Edosa Abstract The economy of Ethiopia is based on agriculture. The area allocated for production of these crops, and their production and productivity in the region are very low. Ethiopia has eight major river Basins, i. executive summary 7 2. 16 mil . , 2013; Welearegay et al. 5. 51 t/ha for wheat, - from 2. C) Agricultural Sample Survey was conducted to furnish data on crop area and production of crops within the private peasant holdings for Meher  CSA, Ethiopia, 2019. In Ethiopia, the most common modern technologies variability on agricultural production requirespromoting CSA actions in an integrated approach to improve agricultural productivity, adaptation and ensure mitigation in sustainable manner. The majority These crops were chosen for a couple of reasons. The volume of production of teff and supply to the market is presented in Table 2. 3 agrarian policies and agricultural production during the derg regime (1974-1991) . 64 t/ha to 8. The findings, interpretations, and Background: The productivity of soybean in Assosa Zone particularly in Assosa and Bambassi districts is very low due to poor soil fertility management practices which resulted in CSA. Report on Area and Production of Crops (Private Peasant Holdings, Mehere Season). (2019). 4 million hectares of land) and has relatively large amount of grain production. org A clear and very welcome benefit of smaller packs is the recued weight that needs to be carried, often over long distances and on foot. Cattle and equine play a vital role in smallholder farms for crop cultivation and transportation (Stroebel January 2019 Addis Ababa . 1 The 1963 Base Period of the Capital City, Addis Ababa CPI The first ever CPI in Ethiopia, that is, the 1963 based monthly Addis Ababa CPI was constructed on the basis of the data collected on the spending pattern of the Addis Ababa HICE survey conducted in 1963. 14% of the total area covered by crops in the region, respectively. 36 t/ha to 4. The major and almost the exclusive livelihood activities of the rural Ethiopia are crop production, livestock rearing, natural resource extraction, and only less than small percentage engaged in Vol. The crop is known for its high market major grain crops in Ethiopia (Based on CSA, 2019/2020 ) Table 2: Land Use Area (in hectare), Number of Households and Holders by Size of Holding, (after CSA (2015/16 ) www. The second visit took place between February and March 2019 when the post-harvest agriculture questionnaires were administered. 19 14. The growth of agriculture has positively impacted Ethiopia’s Human Development Index From Vita ’ s crop agriculture is csa ethiopia 2019 crop production pdf, involving substantial variation in crops grown across the country ’ Program. Agricultural sample survey 2018/19 volume I, report on area and production of major crops. as in production it took from the total cereals contributed 85. ECX 2019 5. At the same time, the area under cereals has been declining, being substituted by fruit and vegetable crops, largely for import substitutions Crop production is the major sub-sector within agriculture and in the overall economy of Ethiopia contributing over 60 percent of agricultural output. 01. , 2012). 7. survey indicated that about 71. Five major cereals (teff, wheat, maize, sorghum www. 3. crops production opportunities, challenges and its value chain in Ethiopia. Productivity is also on the rise, with yield averages across 46 commodities increasing by 31% between 2000-2010 E. Key words: Irrigation, Rain-fed, crop production, productivity, large scale scheme, private small-holder 1. Productivity of sorghum is constrained by a number of biotic and abiotic factors which drought is the most abiotic factor in dry lowland region (ATA, 2015; EIAR, 2020). The suitability of soil and climate The Ethiopian plateau, which is divided into two parts, i. , Tekeze, Abay, Awash, Baro-Akobo, Wabi Shebele, Ghenale, Omo, and the great Rift Valley. Of the total arable land cultivated annually, cereals occupy the greatest proportion of area coverage accounting for about 81. 06% and 2. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Central Statistical Agency. www. 10. Ethiopia, pulses are the third largest export crop behind coffee and oil seed (Boere et al. 2 Production and Marketing of Teff The production of teff is the main source of cash for farmers in the Gossu Kora and Amaro areas. 2020. 60 million hectares of land (12. This study was therefore conducted to assess the determinants of the application of climate smart agricultural crop production practices in Shashamene woreda. in line with. Dekoko is very similar to field pea in its morphological structure. Regularity of rainfall timing across Ethiopia: implications for crop production EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9279 Mosisa Wakjira ,Darcy Molnar, Nadav Peleg Johan Six, and Peter Molnar 1 Rainfed Agriculture (RFA) accounts for about 95% of crop production in Ethiopia (FAOSTAT, 2018) and thus, it is crops production opportunities, challenges and its value chain in Ethiopia. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. 2. 56 million lamb in the developing world and account almost 50% of global cereals production (Herrero et al. Sorghum production constraints were assessed using a survey. , 201, CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2019) and it is estimated to be the most important crop in Ethiopia’s agricultural and food economy (Hassen et al. The current study • CSA practices and technologies such as soil fertility management, forage production, crop intensification, and agroforestry, were introduced to 8,180 (3,403 female) smallholder farmers in three districts (Hadero Tunto, Bolso Bombe and Wera Dijo woredas). 1 rationale and objectives 9 Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Report on Area and Production of Major Crops 584, The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Statistical Bulletin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016. 16 Gender and forestry 37 3. 37 Oil crops 816,125. e. The 2014/15 (2007 E. 2 The Historical Development of the CPI in Ethiopia 1. The MOA envisages achieving this by acid soil and vertisol management, intensification, expanded use of irrigation, mechanization, and private sector partnership. Stakeholders analysis 43 5. In this system, crops and livestock play interdependent roles, with livestock providing draught ISSN 1336-9261, XXII (Number 1, 2019): 24-31 doi: 10. With farms heavily impacted by climate change, many land produces a variety of crops during these seasons. These varieties are Crop cut was conducted from September to December 2018. , 2003). Crop Research-Wheat 6.
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